CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE: CORRELATIONS BETWEEN THE EU DEPENDENCE-ATTITUDE MATRIX AND COOPERATION INTENSITY WITH CHINA

IULIA MONICA OEHLER-ȘINCAI

Abstract


Our first research objective is to outline the degree of dependence on EU trade and investment of the CEE countries included in the 16+1 platform, as well as their attitudes towards the EU. The resulting EU dependence/attitude matrix helps us to identify four groups of CEE countries according to their lower/higher dependence on EU trade and investment, alongside their negative/positive attitudes towards the EU. Our second objective is to classify CEE-16 according to their cooperation intensity with China, as mirrored by their economic and political ties with China. Our investigation underlines that: (1) higher levels of cooperation intensity with China are generally correlated with negative attitudes towards the EU,importance of national interests and need to develop balanced relations with major global actors; (2) lower levels of cooperation intensity with China correspond to euro-optimist/moderate stances, extreme dependence on the internal market or political inertia.


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